Skin type depends on several factors, basically, genetic characteristics are determinant, but weather and climatic conditions, hormonal effects, lifestyle, nutrition, diet, allergy, physical activity, illness and medication, and skin care habits also affect the condition of the skin.
There are four basic skin types.
- Normal skin type:
Normal skin is free of imperfections, it is balanced, i.e. eudermic. It has a balanced sebum and water content, it features small pores, blood circulation is good, it is not pale nor are the vessels dilated, it is evenly colored, it does not have a greasy shine nor does it feel tight because of dryness, it is in perfect condition, it is silky to the touch, it has a fresh appearance, it is not a sensitive type. Taking care of normal skin is simple, the goal is to maintain the condition; it is also worth caring for because it may turn dry as a result of natural aging processes. Dry skin type:
2. Dry skin type:
The skin produces less sebum, lipid deficiency occurs, therefore the moisture-absorbing capacity is lower than normal. Since lipids also act as a protective shield against external impacts, this protection is also damaged in the case of this skin type; the skin is more sensitive. Dry skin is tense, rough, cracked, sloughing, itching. Spots and blackheads are not common, pores are closed. It responds badly to soap, water and weather.
The goal of dry skin care is to replace the missing lipid layer; this can be achieved by applying bath oils with richer texture, face cleansers, lotions and facial creams.
3. Oily skin type:
Oily skin is caused by increased sebum production, this is called seborrhoea. In addition to genetic inheritance, there may be medication, hormonal changes, stress, sedentary lifestyle, frequent consumption of carbohydrate-rich or spicy foods, inappropriate use of cosmetics in the background. Oily skin has a greasy shine and is characterized by large pores, blackheads and spots; the skin may be thicker and paler. This skin, however, is more elastic, and signs of aging appear only relatively late on it. When grooming, it is worthwhile to use a face wash with active ingredients that regulate sebaceous gland function, and apply a light textured moisturizer.
4. Combination skin type:
The quality of the skin differs between the cheeks and the so-called T-zone, i.e. the skin is more greasy and shiny and has larger pores and blackheads in the line of the forehead, nose and chin, while there is normal or dry skin on the cheeks. In skin care, a balance needs to be struck between drier and grease-prone areas.